D. Francisco de Moura Corte Real was the grandson of D. Cristóvão de Moura, the all-powerful minister of Filipe II (I of Portugal), who was one of the main supporters of the Duke of Alba entry into Portugal.
Our portrait was the son of D. Manuel de Moura, 2nd Marquês de Castelo Rodrigo, extraordinary ambassador of Spain in Rome, where he met the famous baroque architect Francesco Borromini, to whom he requested the interior decoration of the funerary chapel in the crypt of the “Mosteiro de São Bento da Saúde” in Lisbon. D. Manuel de Moura was also Governor of the Spanish Netherlands.
In 1647, being a gentleman from the court of Philip IV of Spain, he built a house on the outskirts of Madrid, La Florida, which is now disappeared.
Another engraving is known, closer to the portrait of the “Museu Quinta das Cruzes” collection, where D. Francisco now gathers all the titles he was heir to: Marquis of Castelo Rodrigo, Count of Lumiares, Lord of Terceira Island and Faial, Commander of the Order of Christ and Captain General of Belgium, who was between 1664-1668, represented in our portrait by the command stick he holds in his hand and the red stripe crossed over his chest.
He married D. Ana Maria de Moncada y Aragão, daughter of the Duke of Montalto and died in 1675. He had two daughters, D. Leonor de Moura Corte Real, married to the 2nd Marquis Almonacid de los Oteros and D. Joana de Moura Corte Real, 5th Marquesa de Castelo Rodrigo, married to Prince Di San Gregório.
Without the hierarchy of contemporary Iberian portraits, the portrait of D. Francisco de Moura Corte Real, reveals a broad gesture of majestic and determined pose, with special care in the anatomical description and shrewdness, revealed in the face expression and look. It comes close to the great Nordic tradition, especially Flemish and Dutch portraiture, which has developed since the middle of the 16th century.
Source: “Obras de Referência dos Museus da Madeira, 500 anos de História de um Arquipélago”; SRE/DRAC/DSM; 2009. [entrada de catálogo nº. 68].
We suggest for further reading about this piece, the article by Anísio Franco (current sub-director of the National Museum of Ancient Art) entitled “Retrato de um Sonhador”, published in 2000 in the magazine “Arte Ibérica”, nº 33, which we make available in the gallery photos of this item.
Portrait of D. Francisco de Moura Corte Real 3rd Marquês Castelo Rodrigo | Netherlands, Flanders (?) | 17th century | Oil painting on canvas | A. 148 x L. 130 cm | MQC 2255
Half-body portrait wearing armor, with an arm supported at the waist and another on a table covered with brocade silk, and where his feathered helmet also rests.
Crossed over the chest, a red silk band, tied laterally by a bow. Below the sash, the insignia of the Order of Christ is suspended over the chest. In his right hand, he holds a stick, a symbol of command.
In the upper left corner, the inscription: "D. Franco Moura / 3rd Marq. De Castelo / Rodrigo".
In the upper right corner, suspended over the clouds, his weapons, under the crown of the marquis.
[Detail] Portrait of D. Francisco de Moura Corte Real 3rd Marquês Castelo Rodrigo | Netherlands, Flanders (?) | 17th century | Oil painting on canvas | A. 148 x L. 130 cm | MQC 2255
Credits: Museu Quinta das Cruzes.
Retrato de D. Francisco de Moura Corte Real 3º Marquês Castelo Rodrigo | Países Baixos, Flandres (?) | Século XVII | Pintura a óleo sobre tela | A. 148 x L. 130 cm | MQC 2255
Retrato de meio corpo envergando uma armadura, com braço apoiado à cintura e outro sobre mesa forrada a seda brocada, e onde repousa também o seu elmo emplumado.
Cruzada sobre o peito, uma faixa de seda vermelha, amarrada lateralmente por laço. Abaixo da faixa, suspende-se, sobre o peito, a insígnia da Ordem de Cristo. Na mão direita, segura um bastão, símbolo de comando.
No canto superior esquerdo, a inscrição: "D. Fran.co Moura / 3º Marq. De Castelo/Rodrigo".
No canto superior direito, suspenso sobre as nuvens, as suas armas, sob a coroa de marquês.
[Pormenor] Retrato de D. Francisco de Moura Corte Real 3º Marquês Castelo Rodrigo | Países Baixos, Flandres (?) | Século XVII | Pintura a óleo sobre tela | A. 148 x L. 130 cm | MQC 2255
Anísio Franco "Retrato de um Sonhador" in Arte Ibérica n.º 33, março de 2000